Lagos , sometimes referred to as Lagos State to
distinguish it from Lagos Metropolitan Area , is a
state in the southwestern geopolitical zone of
The smallest in area of Nigeria’s 36 states, Lagos
State is arguably the most economically important
state of the country, containing Lagos , the nation’s
largest urban area.
It is a major financial centre
and would be the fifth largest economy in Africa, if
it were a country.
The actual population total is disputed between the
official Nigerian Census of 2006 and a much higher
figure claimed by the Lagos State Government.
Lagos State is bounded on the north and east by
Ogun State . In the west it shares boundaries with
the Republic of Benin . Behind its southern borders
lies the Atlantic Ocean. 22% of its 3,577 km 2 are
lagoons and creek.
Before the Portuguese name of Lagos had been
adopted, Lagos’ initial name was “Eko” which referred
mainly to the Island. The first to settle in Eko were
The Awori hunters and fishermen had originally
come from Ile-Ife to the coast.
The name Eko comes from the benin terms “EKo”
Over 650 years ago, the oba of benin sent some traders to eko land, to trade,
unfortunately the “aworis” spoke harshly to the Benin traders Lagos,they disgraced the men, and sent them back to the Oba of Benin,
In fury the Oba of Bini sent his warriors led by his third son named prince Ado, back to Eko,,
The aworis on sighting the dangers ahead, had no choice but to surrender,
The Bini Prince, Ado, who
led the war party, was asked to become their
leader. prince ado accepted the traties, only on one conditions, that people will accept the oba as the father and head of the to be kingdom “eko land ”
From that point on, Eko was regarded as a Benin territorries.
Lagos State was created on 27 May 1967
according to the State Creation and Transitional
Provisions Decree No. 14 of 1967 , which
restructured Nigeria into a Federation of 12 states.
Before the issuance of this Decree, Lagos city ,
which was the country’s capital had been
administered directly by the Federal Government
through the Federal Ministry of Lagos Affairs .
However, Ikeja , Agege, Mushin , Ikorodu , Epe and
Badagry were administered by the then Western
Lagos, the city, along with these other towns were
captured to create the state of Lagos, with the state
becoming fully recognized as a semi-autonomous
administrative division on 11 April 1968.
Lagos served the dual role of being the State and
Federal Capital until 1976, when the capital of the
State was moved to Ikeja .
After the full establishment of the Federal Capital
Territory , the seat of the Federal Government was
also formally relocated to Abuja on 12 December
1991. Nevertheless, Lagos still remains the
financial centre of the country, and also grew to
become the most populous city in the state and the