Nigeria is a country in West Africa having boundaries with Niger and the Chad Republic in the north, Cameroon on the eastern part, the Benin Republic on the western border and the Atlantic ocean at the southern end. Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa with more than 170 million people living there . What this means is that one in every 7 Africans is a Nigerian. Geographically, Nigerian terrain changes from the high savanna-covered plateaus in the north to the oil-rich Niger Delta in the southern part down to the rainforest belt region towards the coast. Despite the insecurity and some slight political instabilities facing the country, there are some interesting facts about Nigeria that are worth noting(note) . Young-po reporters brings you the most interesting and fun Nigeria facts.
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Did you know that Nigeria is home to
the largest monument in Africa
(Sungbo’s Eredo). It is also the largest
city of the medieval world.
Sungbo’s Eredo is a system of defensive
walls and ditches that was built in
honour of the Ijebu noblewoman Oloye
Bilikisu Sungbo (the woman that was
also alleged to be Queen of Sheba).
It is located in Ijebu Ode in Ogun State.
The Portugese were the first
foreigners to explore Nigeria in 1472?
According to archaeological research,
the earliest known civilization in
Nigeria is the Nok civilization which
was around from 500 to 2000BC.
Ile Ife was founded as early as
1000AD. Queen Luwo, the twenty-first
Ooni (ruler) of Ile-Ife paved the streets
with quartz pebbles and broken pottery
The walls of Benin are the longest
ancient works in the world.
The oldest discovered boat in Africa,
and 3rd oldest in the world is the 8500-
year-old Dufuna canoe. It was
discovered by a Fulani herdsman in
Dufuna village, Fune local government
area, Yobe in 1987.
The longest bridge in Africa was the
Third Mainland bridge until the October
6 bridge was built in Cairo, in 1966.
In 1914 the amalgamation of Nigeria was formed when Freerick
Lugard became the governor of the
Naira was introduced in 1959.
Did you know that at a time in
Nigerian history, the North had the
highest number of literates with over
25,000 Quarnic schools teaching over
The National Youth Service Corps
began in 1973.
The Nigerian flag was designed in
1959, by Taiwo Akinkunmi in a
Wole Soyinka was the first Nigerian
to receive a Nobel Laureate.
Agbani Darego was the first African
to win the Miss World Beauty Pageant.
Nigeria was the first African
country to receive a Gold medal in the
Olympics Football in 1996.
Most Populous Country in Africa
Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and
the 8th most populous in the world with a
population of more than 160 million people. The
next African country to come close is Ethiopia with
a population count of 84 million. That is just about
half of the Nigerian population.
More Than 250 Ethnic Groups
Nigeria has more than 250 ethnic groups, however,
there are 3 dominant tribes: the Ibo (Igbo), Hausa-
Fulani, and Yoruba which make up 18%, 29%, and
Christianity and Islam Are The 2 Major
The major religions in Nigeria are Christianity and
Islam. About half of the Yorubas are Christians and
half Muslim, though many maintain traditional
beliefs. The Igbos in the southeast are mostly
Christian; The Hausa/Fulani in northern Nigeria are
mostly Islamic and dominated by the Hausa-Fulani
ethnic group. Southern Nigeria is more westernized
and urbanized than the north, with the Yoruba in
the southwest and the Igbo in the southeast.
Niger River: West Africa’s Largest River.
The longest and largest river in West Africa is the
river Niger from where Nigeria derives her name.
River Niger spans about 4,180 km (2,600 mi) from
its source is in the Highlands of Guinea in
southeastern Guinea. It courses in a crescent
through Mali, Niger, on the border with Benin and
then through Nigeria, and eventually emptying into
the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean after
passing through a massive delta, known as
the Niger Delta or the Oil Rivers.
One of the Oldest Locations of Human Existence Evidence from archaeological discoveries has
shown that there was a history of human existence
in Nigeria which has been dated to as far back as
9000 BC. The Nok civilization (around 500 BC-200
AD) is the earliest known civilization here.
Bonus: Interesting Facts about South Africa
Home Of Nollywood
Nollywood is the name given to the Nigerian
movie industry and it has recently been ranked the
second largest producers of movies in the world;
just trailing behind Bollywood; the Indian film
industry and ahead of America’s Hollywood.
Nollywood produces up to 200 movies every single
week and her movies have won half of the yearly
awards for best picture since 2005.
Largest Diversity of Butterfly
Nigeria boasts in being the most suitable habitat
for the worlds largest diversity of the most colorful
creatures – the butterflies. It is widely believed that
the areas surrounding Calabar, Cross River State in
the southern part of the country harbors the world’s
largest diversity of butterflies.
Ogun State Has The Highest Number of
Universities in Nigeria
Ogun State is one of the states in the western part
of the country and it has a total of nine registered
universities, making it the state with the highest
number of Universities in Nigeria
Largest Producers of Crude Oil
Nigeria is the 12th largest producer of crude oil in
the world (averaging 2,525,000 barrels per
day) and the 8th largest exporter. Nigeria has the
10th largest proven reserves of petroleum
worldwide. Petroleum plays an important role in
the country’s economy and contributes to more
than 85% of the total government’s revenue.